Personal, social and emotional development and the EYFS
PSHE in the Early Years takes the form of PSED - Personal, Social and Emotional Development.
It is one of the three prime areas within the Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS). Each prime area is divided into early learning goals, for PSED these are:
- Self confidence and self awareness - children are confident to try new activities, and say why they like some activities more than others. They are confident to speak in a familiar group, will talk about their ideas, and will choose the resources they need for their chosen activities. They say when they do or don't need help.
- Managing feelings and behaviour - children talk about how they and others show feelings, talk about their own and others behaviour, and its consequences, and know that some behaviour is unacceptable. They work as part of a group or class, and understand and follow the rules. They adjust their behaviour to different situations, and take changes of routine in their stride.
- Making relationships - children play cooperatively, taking turns with others. They take account of one another's ideas about how to organise their activity. They show sensitivity to others' needs and feelings, and form positive relationships with adults and other children.
PSED doesn't happen in isolation. It is an intrinsic part of learning in the Early Years.
In addition to PSED teaching, children also participate in thought provoking circle time and worship, using the opportunity to address any topical issues, provide positive feedback and an opportunity to model appropriate behaviour. Teachers in the EYFS, along with the whole school, use the SEAL programme of study to ensure consistency and progression as children move through the Key Stages.